Rick's Research Café
Rick's Research Café is a monthly seminar series that gives USF-SM faculty an opportunity to present their unfinished research projects. The goal is to facilitate constructive feedback from cross-disciplinary peers to help the author improve the quality of his/her work prior to publication. If you would like to present your ongoing research in this forum, please email Dr. Rick Borghesi at email@example.com, or call 359-4524
Fall 2013 Seminars
Everyone is invited to
join us next Tuesday in room B224 from 3:00 –
Dr. Michael Gillespie (Psychology) will present ‘The Job Descriptive Index and Job in General measures of job satisfaction: scale revisions, validation, and national norms.’ I hope to see you all there.
Abstract: Evidence-based management requires valid and applicable evidence of organizational best practices. Therefore, we provide revisions to two of the most widely-used diagnostic surveys in applied psychology and management: the Job Descriptive Index (JDI) and Job in General (JIG) job satisfaction measures. Previous versions of the JDI and JIG lacked overall norms and were generally not publically available. The updated versions include nationally representative overall and subgroup norms, enhancing their simplicity and usefulness. To help develop a cumulative knowledge base on job satisfaction and its outcomes, we make the revised measurement system publically available for use in research and practice.
Spring 2013 Seminars
Fawn Ngo (Criminology) presented ‘Assessing
the Predictive Utility of Logistic Regression,
Classification and Regression Tree, Chi-squared
Automatic Detection Detector, and Neural Network
Models in Predicting Inmate Misconduct.’
This paper is
Dr. Anurag Agarwal (Information
Systems/Decision Sciences). Thursday, April
Abstract: Developing and identifying proper methods to predict future risks have been a fundamental task confronting criminal justice researchers and practitioners. Generally, there are two types of risk assessment instruments employed in criminal justice settings: those based on actuarial practice and those based on clinical judgment. Relative to clinical methods, actuarial risk assessment instruments have been demonstrated to be more accurate in predicting future risks but it is noteworthy that actuarial risk assessment instruments are also not without limitations. As the search for alternative methods to clinical and traditional regression approaches to improve predictive performance ensues, in recent years, researchers and scholars have begun developing and comparing existing statistical methods for their predictive utility. Generally, prior studies have compared logistic regression, classification tree analysis, and neural networks models for their relative accuracy in predicting violence and criminal recidivism. In this paper, we seek to contribute to the scholarship on the identification of the best statistical methods to use when predicting future risks by assessing the relative predictive utility of logistic regression, classification and regression tree (CART), chi-squared automatic detection detector (CHAID), and neural networks in predicting inmate misconduct. We also draw from one of the leading theoretical perspectives on inmate misconduct, the importation model, for our predictor variables.
Dr. Ron Lennon
(Marketing) presented ‘Comparing Younger and Older Social
Network Users: An Examination of Attitudes and
Intentions.’ This paper is coauthored with
Dr. Jim Curran
(Marketing). Thursday, March 28
Abstract: Social networks were once considered the domain of a younger demographic but in recent years the use of social networks has become more commonplace in older groups as well. This research develops and tests a model of what drives attitudes toward social networks and intentions to use them and tests the model across two groups of users, one younger and one older. The results clearly demonstrate that the model is useful in both age-based contexts and that significant differences exist between younger and older social network users. The analysis was completed using multiple group structural equation modeling.
Dr. Scott Perry
‘Criminology, Penal Servitude, and Slave Labor
in Ancient Greece.’ Monday,
Abstract: When he was 35 years old, Moses Finley, who would become one of the most renowned scholars of ancient Greek history in the 20th century, was advised to stick to political work—‘in which you have apparently found success’. However, this was not the first encounter between Finley and W.L. Westermann, who would ultimately (and despite this dissuasive attempt) be his dissertation advisor. The 1936 volume of the Zeitschrift für Sozialforschung, published by the Frankfurt School in exile at Columbia, contains a series of reviews by ‘M.I. Finkelstein (New York)’, and among them is a brief, and generally favorable, note concerning Westermann’s 1935 Pauly-Wissowa entry on Sklaverei. This paper will argue that Finley’s ideas concerning ancient slavery were developing in the 1930s principally between the poles of Westermann’s more traditional notions and the revolutionary concepts being advanced by the Frankfurt School.
Finley faulted Westermann for not offering ‘a real theoretical discussion and synthesis of many fundamental questions’, and the first among these were ‘the precise economic interrelations of slave and free labor’ and ‘the role of the different free classes in slave revolts’. To some extent, Finley would find answers to these questions in 1937, when he was hired by the Institute of Social Research, specifically to assist Otto Kirchheimer in the composition of an English version of his book on penal history and reform. The resulting book, Punishment and Social Structure, became a classic text in the field of criminology and also helped shape Finley’s ideas concerning the nexus of forced labor, punishment, and the demands of a labor economy, concepts he would apply in his later scholarly work on ancient slavery.
Fall 2012 Seminars
Dr. Kiyoung Chang
‘Does Corporate Board Diversity Affect Corporate
Payout Policy?’ September 24th
We find that firms with diverse boards are more likely to pay dividends and, further, to pay larger dividends than are firms with non-diverse boards. Our results suggest that board diversity has a significant impact on dividend payout policy. The impact of board diversity on dividend payout policy is particularly conspicuous for firms with potentially greater agency problems of free cash flow, suggesting that a diverse board helps to mitigate the free cash flow problem. Our findings are consistent with the argument that board diversity enhances the monitoring function of directors and the shareholder-manager conflict resolution for the benefit of shareholders.
Spring 2012 Seminars
Dr. Scott Perry
(History) presented "The
View from Vichy?: Jérôme Carcopino and ‘Daily
Life’ in Mussolini’s Rome."
Abstract: In 1953 the prominent Roman historian Carcopino published his Souvenirs de sept ans, 1937-1944 (Recollections from Seven Years, 1937-1944)—a period which covered not only his Directorship of the École française de Rome (French School of Rome) (from 1937) and the publication of La vie quotidienne à Rome (Daily Life at Rome) (1939) but also his 14 months as Minister of National Education and Youth in Vichy France (1941-2). This paper will explore the Souvenirs and other documents addressing Carcopino’s experiences in Rome and interactions with Fascist Italian authorities in the years just prior to the publication of his most famous book, and it will draw particular attention to his activities in response to the Bimillennial celebrations of the Roman Emperor Augustus in 1937-8. It will measure the extent to which Carcopino’s experiences in Fascist Rome shaped his conception of Imperial Rome, especially in the era of the first emperor, and it will assess the reliability, or lack of it, of Carcopino’s recollections.
Dr. Rhonda Moraca
(Leadership Studies) presented
‘In the Midst of
Organizational Change: A Survey of Employee
Perceptions Toward Separate
Accreditation for Regional Campuses at the University of South Florida.’
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify how employees in the University of South Florida System (USF System) perceived changes in their organizations and the system as a result of having separate accreditation for each campus in the USF System. This survey research provided a “snapshot” of employee perceptions at a particular point in time. The study was unique because it provided a picture of the perceptions’ of employees while each campus was at a different point in the organizational change process. The theoretical concept from Bolman and Deal’s (2003) four frame theory was used to develop the dependent variables and capture the perceptions of employees. The four dependent variables were organizational structure, employee relations, inter-campus relationships, and campus identity. Quantitative data were collected using a survey instrument. The data were analyzed by campus, employment category, gender, and years of employment using multivariate analysis of variance to identify significant differences in the means between the categories for each dependent variable. Additional comments provided by the survey respondents were analyzed using qualitative analysis to identify emerging themes during the organizational change process.
Fall 2011 Seminars
Dr. Robin Danzak
writing goes critical: Framing strategy
development with critical literacy for middle
Abstract: Critical literacy engages students with the world through texts that examine power structures and social injustices. Through interaction with authors whose voices are often marginalized in mainstream pedagogy, students become empowered to use their own voices as tools for social change (Behrman, 2006; Morrell, 2008). For bilingual learners, critical literacy offers an engaging forum in which to acquire and practice academic language skills in meaningful, authentic contexts (Chun, 2009; Jennings, 2010). This mixed methods study will implement a self-regulated strategy development (SRSD; De La Paz, 2001; Harris & Graham, 1996) model of writing instruction within a critical literacy framework to cultivate the persuasive writing skills of English language learners (ELLs) in middle school. As part of their ESOL (English for Speakers of Other Languages)-Language Arts class (whose curriculum includes a Civics component), ELLs in grades 6-8 will explore the topic of immigration, including historical, political, and sociocultural aspects, through diverse literacy experiences. This critical inquiry will serve as a forum in which students produce various, persuasive texts following the SRSD model.
Dr. Fawn Ngo
presented 'Gender and Stalking: A Test of Broidy
and Agnew’s Gender/GST Hypotheses.’
Summary: Using data from the 2006 Supplemental Victimization Survey of the National Crime Victimization Survey, we apply Broidy and Agnew’s gender/general strain theory hypotheses to examine gender differences in the emotional reactions and behavioral outcomes to one type of serious strain: stalking. In particular, we examine whether: 1) females experience higher levels of stalking strain than males, 2) the relationship between stalking strain and anger is similar for males and females, 3) the relationship between stalking strain and non-angry emotions is stronger for females than males, 4) strain and non-angry emotions are more strongly associated with legitimate coping strategies for females than males, and 5) strain and anger are similarly associated with legitimate coping resources for males and females.
Dr. Kiyoung Chang and
Dr. Jean Kabongo presented ‘The Impact of Operational Diversity on
Corporate Philanthropy: An Empirical Study of
Abstract: This paper investigates the impact of operational diversity on corporate philanthropy. Compared to previous studies that have considered the effect of board diversity and CEO gender on corporate philanthropy, this study introduces the concept of operational diversity, which is the implementation of diversity program at management, employee, and supply chain levels and explains why operational diversity influences corporate philanthropy applying both the stakeholder theory and a resource-based view of a firm. Second, this study investigates the impact of both board diversity and operational diversity on corporate philanthropy. Third, the study uses a large sample of US firms and tries to mitigate possible omitted variables and endogeneity problems that are often overlooked in previous CSR research. We demonstrate that operational diversity is a better indicator predicting future corporate giving than board diversity alone. However, a woman or a member of a minority being a company’s chief executive officer is not sufficient to impact its charitable giving. The paper will assist researchers, practitioners, and other stakeholders in strengthening the discussion regarding the predictors of corporate giving.